Vibrio Cholerae Information
Cholera is an acute illness characterized by diarrhea. Within hours, this serious disease can cause severe dehydration and even death.
What causes cholera? In most cases, this disease is caused by the Vibrio cholerae bacterium.
A person can get cholera by drinking water or eating food contaminated with Vibrio cholerae. Once ingested, the bacteria travel to the small intestine, where they begin to multiply. The bacteria then begin producing toxin, which is the main cause of watery diarrhea, cholera's characteristic symptom.
Vibrio cholerae is not likely to spread directly from one person to another; therefore, casual contact with an infected person does not increase your risk of becoming ill.
(For more information, including details on the different types of Vibrio cholerae, click Vibrio Cholerae.)