Many different illnesses can be caused by Vibrio bacteria, including cholera, soft tissue infections, and even sepsis. But what is Vibrio, specifically, and how is it transmitted?
Vibrio refers to a particular family of bacteria known to cause illness in humans. There are at least 10 different types. The most famous one is Vibrio cholerae -- the cause of cholera, an acute diarrheal illness. Other types include:
- Vibrio mimicus
- Vibrio fluvialis.
Vibrio most commonly resides in tidal rivers and bays. Therefore, seawater and raw or undercooked shellfish are common infection routes for it.
(For more details on this topic, including an in-depth look at the characteristics of this type of bacteria, click Vibrio.)