Cipro® (ciprofloxacin) is a medication used to treat various bacterial infections. But what is the action of Cipro and how does it work to kill bacteria?
Cipro belongs to a group of medications called fluoroquinolones, or "quinolones" for short. It works by killing certain bacteria that cause infections. Cipro does this by interfering with the specific actions of two bacterial enzymes called topoisomerase IV and DNA gyrase. These enzymes are needed by the bacteria to copy and repair DNA, important steps required for the bacteria to multiply.
For Cipro to be effective, it is important to take your entire course of the medication. Stopping the antibiotic too soon can cause your infection to return, or lead to antibiotic resistance.
(Click Cipro for more information on the specific actions of this drug. This article provides a complete overview of this prescription antibiotic, including information on its uses, general precautions, and potential side effects.)
Written by/reviewed by: Kristi Monson, PharmD;Arthur Schoenstadt, MD
Micromedex Healthcare Series [Internet database]. Greenwood Village, CO: Thomson Reuters (Healthcare), Inc. Updated periodically. Accessed October 26, 2010.
National Library of Medicine (US). Hazardous Substances Data Bank (HSDB). NLM Web site. Available at: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?HSDB. Accessed October 26, 2010.
Briggs GG, Freeman RK, Yaffe SJ. Drugs in Pregnancy and Lactation. 8th ed. Philadelphia (PA): Lippincott Williams & Wilkins; 2008.
National Library of Medicine (US). Drugs and Lactation Database (LactMED). NLM Web site. Available at: http://toxnet.nlm.nih.gov/cgi-bin/sis/htmlgen?LACT. Accessed October 27, 2010.
Food and Drug Administration, Center for Drug Evaluation and Research. Electronic orange book: approved drug products with therapeutic equivalence evaluations. FDA Web site. Available at: http://www.fda.gov/cder/ob/. Accessed October 27, 2010.
eMedTV serves only as an informational resource. This site does not dispense medical advice or advice of any kind.
Site users seeking medical advice about their specific situation should consult with their own physician. Click