Mycobacterium Leprae

Can It Occur in Animals?

Feral armadillos and possibly nonhuman primates are known to carry Mycobacterium leprae. However, Mycobacterium leprae transmission from animals to humans has only been confirmed in a couple of leprosy cases.

Statistics on Mycobacterium Leprae

Mycobacterium leprae statistics from 2002 include:
  • The number of new cases of leprosy detected worldwide was 763,917
  • 96 cases occurring in the United States were reported to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC)
  • The World Health Organization (WHO) listed Brazil, Madagascar, Mozambique, Tanzania, and Nepal as having 90 percent of cases.
Worldwide, 1 to 2 million people are permanently disabled because of leprosy. Mycobacterium leprae infections can occur at any age, but cases of leprosy under age 1 are rare. However, up to 20 percent of leprosy cases occur before the age of 10. In children, leprosy occurs equally in males and females; in adults, leprosy is twice as common in males as females.

Leprosy Disease

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