Vibrio Cholerae Bacteria
Vibrio cholerae bacteria are native to the Ganges delta, which is in India and extends into Bangladesh. Since 1817, there have been seven worldwide Vibrio cholerae bacteria pandemics. There is an ongoing global pandemic in Asia, Africa, and Latin America that has spanned the last four decades. Since 1995, over 80 percent of reported cases of Vibrio cholerae infections have occurred in Africa.
Vibrio cholerae infections have been very rare in industrialized nations for the last 100 years. There are between zero and five cases in the United States each year. Most Vibrio cholerae infections in the United States have occurred from contaminated shellfish in Louisiana and the Gulf of Mexico.
In 2003, 111,575 cases from 45 countries were reported to the World Health Organization.